Commonly Asked Questions

Functional Skills

Considerations, strategies and suggestions to try:

Pencil grip

Try tiny writing utensils-broken crayons, flip crayons, pencils sharpened down to about 2”. Try working on vertical surfaces like an easel or use a binder as a slant board.


Consider size, placement, lined paper, posture. Does the desk fit the child so their feet are flat on the floor?

Written Production

Consider technology such as using voice to text or keyboarding to address concerns of production rate and amount.


Use a mirror when drawing a person, offer step by step visual guides.

Scissor use

Consider smaller scissors for smaller hands, spring-loaded scissors if trouble opening them back up; use stiffer paper/card stock for easier handling.

Calm attention

Have entire class do a breathing exercise or a few yoga moves; offer fidgets.

Wakeful attention

Consider alternative seating that allows some movement such as sitting on a yoga ball or allowing students to work at standing desks.

Completing routines

Try a visual schedule showing pictures for each step or activity in the list the child needs to complete.


For getting shoes on correct feet, use sharpie dots.

For learning to tie: Use 2 different colored laces on each shoe.

Tying step by step guide: Shoe tying power point

Transitioning between activities

Post and review visual schedule of the day ahead of time and again as transition approaches; use of visual timers; routine song to accompany transition; use “First, Then”; use of preferred tasks.

Sensory Room

Consideration of preferred sensory tasks for regulation, safety, predictable routine and intentional breathing.

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